ESO201A : Thermodynamics

Course Description

This course will be conducted in flipped classroom mode in which typical lectures will not be delivered traditional way in physical classrooms; rather short lectures will be available to students through videos that will be available online. Generally, each video will deal with a single concept. Students are expected to view these videos of their own before flipped classroom sessions which will be held in physical classrooms. In flipped classrooms (to be held in two sessions of fifty minute each) students can discuss their doubts, problems or any concept related to the course. In addition to flipped classroom sessions, there will be one problem solving tutorial session of fifty minutes where the tutor will solve some problems to explain certain key concepts. Tutorials will be conducted traditional way in physical classrooms.

Course Content

Release of Video Lectures

Every Friday evening, between three to seven videos will be released. Total duration (per week) of these videos will be about 60 minutes (each video will be of about 10 to 20 minutes duration).  Students are expected to view these videos of their own before coming to flipped classroom sessions.

Course Content

Definitions & Concepts: System & CV, Macroscopic and microscopic view points;  Property, Thermodynamic State & Equilibrium, Energy,  Work interaction & various modes of work, Heat; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scale

Properties of Pure Substances: Pure substance, Phase, Simple compressible substance, Ideal gas Equation of State, van der Waals Equation of State; Law of corresponding states, Compressibility chart, Pressure-volume; Temperature-volume and Phase diagrams; Mollier diagram and Steam tables.

First Law of Thermodynamics & its consequences: First law for a control mass; Internal energy; I Law analysis of Non-flow processes; Use of steam tables & Mollier diagram, Application of I Law of Thermodynamics for Flow Process CV) –Steady-state  processes, Throttling process; Transient Flow Processes - Charging & discharging of tanks.

II Law of Thermodynamics & its Applications: Limitations of the I Law of Thermodynamics, Heat Engine, Heat Pump/Refrigerator.  II Law of Thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements & their equivalence.  Reversible & irreversible processes, Criterion of reversibility, Carnot cycle & Carnot principles, Thermodynamic Temperature scale, Clausius inequality, Entropy, Calculations of entropy change, Principle of entropy increase, T-S diagram, II Law analysis of Control Volume. Available energy, Availability; Second law efficiency

Power Cycles: Rankine cycle – Ideal and Reheat.  Gas Power Cycles; Otto cycle, Diesel cycle and Brayton cycle.

Refrigeration Cycles: Vapor compression cycle, Air-standard refrigeration cycle.

Thermodynamic Potentials: Maxwell relations, Thermodynamic relations, Jacobian methods, Clapeyron and Kirchoff equations, Phase rule.

I Law Application to Chemically Reacting Systems: Fuels & Combustion, Theoretical Air/Fuel ratio, Standard heat of Reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.

Text Book

(Sufficient copies in the library and on reserve)

Cengel and Boles, Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, 7h Edition Tata McGraw Hill

Academic Performance Evaluation Scheme

Grading will be relative, however, for a passing grade around 30 % of absolute marks are necessary while for an A* grade, minimum exceptional performance is necessary.


Mid-semester Examination (closed book/notes)  30 points
Two announced quizzes 27/08/16 & 20/10/16 (closed book/notes)   20 points
Final Examination (closed book/notes/some handouts) 40 points
Attendance, general participation in flipped classroom as
well as tutorials (including surprise quizzes, etc.)  
10 points

Attendance Policy & Code of Conduct

žStudents are advised to watch the video lectures on regular basis. Except for reasons beyond student's control, every student is expected to attend all sessions (flipped classrooms, tutorials, examinations, quizzes) of the course. Students are also expected to maintain proper decorum during flipped classrooms, tutorials and examinations. Any act of indiscipline will be sternly dealt with and severely penalized.

Exams/Central Quizzes: Correct solutions will be put up on the intranet after the examination.

Re-grading: You can return the test/central quiz copies on the day the answer-scripts are distributed (in a tutorial) for re-grading, after describing the detailed comments on the top of the answer-scripts. If you are absent on that day, you lose the right of appeal. Re-grading of the entire question will be done even if a part re-grading is requested for.

Make-up Exams

One make-up examination will be given only to the students with regular attendance in Lectures and Tutorials. Students missing mid-semester examination, or only one central quiz, can take this upon production of a valid medical certificate. The entire material covered in the course will be included, irrespective of which test is missed. This make-up will be at the same time as the final make-up exam (date of which will be decided by the DOAA). Thus, there will be only ONE make-up test after the final examination for the entire course.