ESO201A: Thermodynamics (Summer)

Course Description

Conduct of Course

This course will be conducted in flipped classroom mode in which typical lectures will not be delivered in a traditional way in physical classrooms; rather short lectures will be available to students through videos that will be available online. Generally, each video will deal with a single concept. Students are expected to view these videos on their own before flipped classroom sessions which will be held in physical classrooms. In flipped classrooms (to be held in two sessions of fifty minute each) students can discuss their doubts, problems or any concept related to the course. In addition to flipped classroom sessions, there will be two problem solving tutorial session of fifty minutes where the tutor will solve some problems to explain certain key concepts. Tutorials will be conducted in a traditional way in physical classrooms.

Course Content

Definitions & Concepts: System & CV, Macroscopic and microscopic view points;  Property, Thermodynamic State & Equilibrium, Energy,  Work interaction & various modes of work, Heat; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scale

Properties of Pure Substances: Pure substance, Phase, Simple compressible substance, Ideal gas Equation of State, van der Waals Equation of State; Law of corresponding states, Compressibility chart, Pressure-volume; Temperature-volume and Phase diagrams; Mollier diagram and Steam tables.

First Law of Thermodynamics & its consequences: First law for a control mass; Internal energy; I Law analysis of Non-flow processes; Use of steam tables & Mollier diagram, Application of I Law of Thermodynamics for Flow Process CV) –Steady-state  processes, Throttling process; Transient Flow Processes - Charging & discharging of tanks.

II Law of Thermodynamics & its Applications: Limitations of the I Law of Thermodynamics, Heat Engine, Heat Pump/Refrigerator.  II Law of Thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements & their equivalence.  Reversible & irreversible processes, Criterion of reversibility, Carnot cycle & Carnot principles, Thermodynamic Temperature scale, Clausius inequality, Entropy, Calculations of entropy change, Principle of entropy increase, T-S diagram, II Law analysis of Control Volume. Available energy, Availability; Second law efficiency

Power Cycles: Rankine cycle – Ideal and Reheat.  Gas Power Cycles; Otto cycle, Diesel cycle and Brayton cycle.

Refrigeration Cycles: Vapor compression cycle, Air-standard refrigeration cycle.

Thermodynamic Potentials: Maxwell relations, Thermodynamic relations, Jacobian methods, Clapeyron and Kirchoff equations, Phase rule.

I Law Application to Chemically Reacting Systems: Fuels & Combustion, Theoretical Air/Fuel ratio, Standard heat of Reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.

Text Book

(Sufficient copies in the library and on reserve)

Cengel and Boles, Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, 7h Edition Tata McGraw Hill