Course Objective

The course objective is to cover the basic principles of thermodynamics. The focus of this course is to introduce systematic different tools needed to analyze energy systems from various daily lives to large scale engineering applications.

Course Content

Definitions & Concepts: System & CV, Macroscopic and microscopic view points;  Property, Thermodynamic State & Equilibrium, Energy,  Work interaction & various modes of work, Heat; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scale

Properties of Pure Substances: Pure substance, Phase, Simple compressible substance, Ideal gas Equation of State, van der Waals Equation of State; Law of corresponding states, Compressibility chart, Pressure-volume; Temperature-volume and Phase diagrams; Mollier diagram and Steam tables.

First Law of Thermodynamics & its consequences: First law for a control mass; Internal energy; I Law analysis of Non-flow processes; Use of steam tables & Mollier diagram, Application of I Law of Thermodynamics for Flow Process CV) –Steady-state  processes, Throttling process; Transient Flow Processes - Charging & discharging of tanks.

II Law of Thermodynamics & its Applications:

Limitations of the I Law of Thermodynamics, Heat Engine, Heat Pump/Refrigerator.  II Law of Thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements & their equivalence.  Reversible & irreversible processes, Criterion of reversibility, Carnot cycle & Carnot principles, Thermodynamic Temperature scale, Clausius inequality, Entropy, Calculations of entropy change, Principle of entropy increase, T-S diagram, II Law analysis of Control Volume. Available energy, Availability; Second law efficiency

Power Cycles: Rankine cycle – Ideal and Reheat.  Gas Power Cycles; Otto cycle, Diesel cycle and Brayton cycle.

Refrigeration Cycles: Vapor compression cycle, Air-standard refrigeration cycle.

Thermodynamic Potentials: Maxwell relations, Thermodynamic relations, Jacobian methods, Clapeyron and Kirchoff equations, Phase rule.

I Law Application to Chemically Reacting Systems: Fuels & Combustion, Theoretical Air/Fuel ratio, Standard heat of Reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.



Tutors  Name



Prof. D. P. Mishra

TB 103


Mr. Desai Aditya

TB 104


Mr. T. Chandra Sekar

TB 105


Ms. Nidhi Sharma

TB 106


Prof. Yogesh Joshi

TB 107


Ms. Khuhboo Suman

TB 108


Prof. A. K Agarwal

TB 109


Prof. M. K. Das

TB 110


Mr. Manish Maurya

TB 111


Ms. Parul Katiyar

TB 112


Mid-semester Examination (closed book/notes)                                           30 points

Two announced quizzes (closed book/notes)                                                 20 points

Final Examination (closed book/notes)                                                         40 points

Attendance, general participation in flipped classroom as
well as tutorials (including surprise quizzes, etc.)                                         10 points

Grading will be relative, however, for a passing grade around 30 % of absolute marks are necessary while for an A* grade, an exceptional performance is necessary.


Attendance: is mandatory, both in the flipped classroom and in the tutorials. Students are mandatory to watch video lectures before coming to the flipped classroom for discussion. Thus, it is recommended that students watch the video lectures on a regular basis. Students are also suggested to ask questions on the portal in case of any doubts.

Students with low attendance will be dropped from the course as per the guidelines of the Institute. There may be surprise quizzes in the flipped classroom hours as well as in the tutorials. Each tutor will decide the individual policy for his section regarding submission of homework problems including the tutorial marks.

Exams/Central Quizzes: Correct solutions will be put up on the intranet after the examination.

Re-grading: You can return the test/central quiz copies on the day the answer-scripts are distributed (in a tutorial) for re-grading, after describing the detailed comments on the top of the answer-scripts. If you are absent on that day, you lose the right of appeal. Re-grading of the entire question will be done even if a part re-grading is requested for.

Make-up Exams: One make-up examination will be given only to the students with regular attendance in Lectures and Tutorials. Students missing mid-semester examination, or only one central quiz, can take this upon production of a valid medical certificate. The entire material covered in the course will be included, irrespective of which test is missed. This make-up will be at the same time as the final make-up exam (date of which will be decided by the DOAA). Thus, there will be only ONE make-up test after the final examination for the entire course. Lastly, cheating of any kind (proxy in attendance or taking help during examinations, copying, etc.) would result in severe punishment.

Text Books: (Sufficient copies in the library and on reserve)

  • Cengel and Boles, Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, 7th Edition Tata McGraw Hill

Reference book:

Y. V. C. Rao, An introduction to Thermodynamics, Revised Edition, University Press

Tutorial and home work questions:



Tutorial problems

Homework problems



1-21C, 1-25C, 1-35 C, 1-53, 1-78, 1-83

1-75, 1-36, 1-64, 1-86



2-16, 2-19 C, 2-25C, 2-48, 2-68, 2-78

2-14, 2-40C, 2-50, 2-69, 2-72, 2-76, 2-85



3-26, 3-30, 3-59, 3-81, 3-87

3-32, 3-60, 3-61, 3-78







4-8,  4-13, 4-25, 4-32, 4-125, 5-13, 5-29, 5-59

4-23, 4-24, 5-30, 5-57



5-67, 5-84, 5-119, 5-125,5-130

5-120, 5-122, 5-123



6-20, 6-42, 6-49, 6-56, 6-101, 6-107

6-22, 6-40, 6-41, 6-46, 6-51, 6-95, 6-96



7-25, 7-29, 7-60, 7-100, 7-152

7-32, 7-69, 7-89, 7-110, 7-144, 7-212



8-23, 8-31, 8-40, 8-61, 8-92

8-19, 834, 8-43, 8-46, 8-52, 8-88



Diwali Holiday



28/10/17 (Sat)





9-35,9-53, 9-129, 10-25, 10-39

9-43, 9-57,  9-94, 10-21, 10-53



11-21, 11-80, 12-17, 12-36, 12-44

11-13, 12-16, 12-49, 12-96, 12-66



15-14, 15-26, 15-58, 15-71

15-20, 15-28, 15-60, 15-79